Stephen Hawking’s new book, The Grand Design, makes the claim that we don’t need God to create the universe. Hawking writes, “Because there is a law such as gravity, the Universe can and will create itself from nothing. Spontaneous creation is the reason there is something rather than nothing, why the Universe exists, why we exist.”
This is a great example of where Muslims and Christians come together in agreement. The universe has a Creator.
Usama Hasan has a Muslim response to Hawking. Here is a notable quote and his conclusion.
Hawking’s “spontaneous creation” is God-by-another-name: our atheist friends, like theists, have many names for God!
In conclusion, it should be remembered that Hawking is a brilliant scientist. Science does an excellent job of describing Nature, or as a theist would say, how God creates. But science can say nothing essential about why we are here and how we should live our lives: only true and balanced faith and religion can answer those questions, with Messengers of God to show us the Way.
James Anderson has a Christian response. Here area a couple notable quotes:
If Hawking thinks there is some law or principle that explains the very existence of the universe, he must have in mind a metaphysical law rather than a physical law. Unless I’m much mistaken, the law of gravity is a physical law. It appears that Hawking intends to leave behind physics (a subject on which he is eminently qualified to speak) and enter the realm of metaphysics (a subject on which he has no particular expertise, so far as I know).
In any case, it’s unclear how a multiverse explanation could provide a satisfying answer to the question at hand, namely, why our universe exists at all. If the existence of our universe is explained by the existence of the multiverse, the problem (once again) is only put back a step. Why then does the multiverse exist at all?